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Geography & Geology

Geography generally addresses two questions: where are things located and, more importantly, why are they located where they are. Geographers interpret and explain the
occurrence, distribution and interactions of natural and man-made features on the earth. They analyze phenomen according to their locations, areal extent and spatial
relationships. The chief tool of the geographer is the map. Just as historians can study events in terms of time, geographers study a wide array of items in terms of location
and distribution patterns.

Geology is the study of the surface of the earth and the processes which shape this surface. Geologists are interested in the origin and nature of rocks and sediments and
the various processes that affect them. By looking at the earth’s physical makeup, geologists learn about what the earth was like in the past, how various processes affect us, determine ways to mitigate natural hazards, and discover resources.


A person working in a geography & geology related field should possess the following qualities and skills:

  • Powers of observation
  • Patience
  • Teamwork
  • Attention to detail
  • Analytical skills

Career Opportunities

A geography or geology major may work in any of these capacities:

  • Natural resource management
  • Environmental management
  • Education fields
  • Analysis of spatial aspects of marketing or site analyses
  • Mineral and fossil fuel exploration
  • Cleaning up polluted groundwater
  • Dealing with natural hazards

Core Geography/Geology courses that may be helpful in pursuing the major**:

  • Physical Geography: Weather and Climate
  • Physical Geography: Landforms
  • Introduction to Cultural Geography
  • Introduction to Physical Geology
  • Environmental Geology
  • Natural Disasters
  • Introduction to Geographical Information Sciences
  • Elementary Statistics

**Specific geography/geology requirements will vary depending on the baccalaureate granting institution.

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